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Many Multivitamins Don’t Have Claimed Nutrients

By Linda Carroll
updated 6/20/2011 7:22:53 PM ET

Correction: An earlier version of this story did not make clear that the ingredients in the  Hero Nutritionals Yummi Bears are in compliance with the Daily Value standards set by the federal Food and Drug Administration. ConsumerLab instead evaluated the supplement using the more recent standards established by the Institute of Medicine for upper tolerable limits. Dr. Tod Cooperman stated that excessive Vitamin A levels have been linked to liver abnormalities and other health concerns, but he was not speaking specifically about any particular multivitamin tested by his company.

A new review of popular multivitamins found that one in three did not contain the amount of nutrients claimed in their labels or improperly listed ingredients.

After testing 38 multivitamins for a new report published online this week, researchers at ConsumerLab.com discovered that eight contained too little of specific nutrients, two contained more nutrient than claimed and three improperly listed ingredients. The good news: some of the best vitamins were also the cheapest.

“We found a wide range in the quality of multivitamins,” said Dr. Tod Cooperman, president of the company. “Interestingly, the more expensive products didn’t fare any better than those that are just a few cents a day.”

While medications are closely overseen by the federal Food and Drug Administration, supplements like vitamins don’t get regular testing by any government agency. So there’s no way of knowing — outside of independent testing — whether a bottle of supplements contains what it’s supposed to.

The problems with quality control found by ConsumerLab don’t surprise Dan Hurley, a medical journalist and author of “Natural Causes,” a book on the supplement industry.

“That’s really pretty average for supplements. It’s a real crapshoot,” Hurley said. If a drug company had these kinds of lapses, it would be shut down, he said.

Although low levels of certain nutrients can be a problem, doses that exceed recommendations are especially worrisome. Several products evaluated by ConsumerLab, including some designed for children, had this issue. For the report, ConsumerLab used the recommended daily allowances and upper tolerable limits established by the Institutes of Medicine.

ConsumerLab is a Westchester, N.Y., company that independently evaluates hundreds of health and nutrition products and periodically publishes reviews. For this test, ConsumerLab purchased a selection of multivitamins and sent them, without labels to a lab for testing. If a problem was found, the product was sent to a second lab for confirmation.

ConsumerLab focused on some of the more important ingredients, such as folic acid, calcium, vitamin A (retinol and beta-carotene), zinc, and iron. Cooperman and his colleagues also looked to see how quickly vitamin tablets broke down in liquid. If a pill doesn’t break down fast enough, the body won’t be able to absorb as much of the various nutrients.

Among the supplements that had too little of a particular nutrient were Trader Joe’s Vitamin Crusade (just 59 percent of the vitamin A advertised on the label), Melaleuca Vitality Multivitamin & Mineral (just 42 percent of the touted vitamin A) and All One Active Seniors (less than 2 percent of the beta-carotene, 73 percent of the retinol and 49 percent of the vitamin A listed on the label).

Centrum Chewables had the opposite problem, with 173 percent of the vitamin A listed on the label. This is of particular concern because too much vitamin A can spell trouble.

“If you get too much vitamin A it can be toxic to your liver,” explained Dr. Michael Cirigliano, an associate professor of medicine at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. “People don’t realize that everything they put in their mouths is bioactive. Whether it’s baby aspirin or food, it has an effect on the body. People think that if you can get it without a prescription it’s safe — that’s baloney.”

One product, Alpha Betic, took twice as long as it should have to break apart in solution, found ConsumerLab. The supplement also contained less vitamin A than it should have.

Particularly worrisome were high levels of certain nutrients in some of the children’s multivitamins.

Hero Nutritionals Yummi Bears, if given to children at the suggested dose, would exceed recommendations by the Institute for Medicine for Vitamin A in youngsters aged 1 to 3. However, the multivitamins were found to be in compliance with the standards set by the FDA. ConsumerLab considers the FDA’s standards to be outdated.

ConsumerLab found almost no connection between price and quality. Many of the cheaper pills (prices ranging between $0.03 and $0.14 per day) passed all the tests, while some of the most expensive ones (priced as high as $1 per day) failed.

Among the supplements that passed testing were several very inexpensive options, such as Equate Mature Multivitamin, at $0.03/day, Kirkland Signature Mature Multivitamins and Minerals Adult 50+ at $0.03/day and Flintstones Plus Bone Building Support at $0.14/day.

ConsumerLab also tested several pet supplements, one of which, Pet-Tabs Complete Daily Vitamin Mineral Supplement for Dogs contained lead at unhealthy levels.

Ultimately the new report is a strong argument for more regulation of the supplement industry, both Cirigliano and Hurley said.

“People are using these products more and more,” Cirigliano explained. “There needs to be more regulation.”

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Cheers to Your Health!

Katrina van Oudheusden

Independent Reliv Distributor

24K – Healthy Energy Drink – No Caffeine & No Sugar … Gives you Energy, Focus, and Stress Relief

July 2, 2011 Posted by | Alternative Health, children, Fitness, Health, Health and Wellness, kids vitamins, Men's Health, Nutrition, Sports Nutrition, Vitamin, Women's Health | , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Vitamins and Minerals Work in Tandem

Here are 8 nutritional examples of how vitamins and minerals work in tandem.

Brought you to you by our amazing friends at Reliv International
www.reliv.com

Every now and then, we hear about studies reporting that one single vitamin wasn’t shown to have an effect on a certain condition — such as vitamin C and colds. Often these simplified findings occur because the study looked at the vitamin in isolation rather than how it naturally interacts with other nutrients to benefit our health.

Nutritional relationships are highly complex. Many vitamins and minerals work in tandem with others to enhance absorption, effectiveness and health benefits. They’re like family — they NEED each other. This is called synergy. Synergy is all about how a group of powerful nutrients work together to give more benefits than they would individually.

Here are some examples of nutrition combos that work synergistically for better health benefits:

*Vitamin C enhances the absorption of iron. So eating dark green vegetables or citrus with meats, fish or beans is a smart nutrition choice to boost iron levels and enhance production of healthy red blood cells.

*Eating good fats, such as olive oil, canola oil or even a simple avocado, nuts or cheese, with a salad chock-full of veggie helps your body absorb more of the beneficial phytochemicals.

*Working together, folic acid, vitamin B6 and B12 protect the heart by reducing the level of an artery-damaging amino acid. So eat plenty of B6 and folate vitamin sources such as spinach, broccoli, tomato juice, beans, bananas and watermelon along with B12 sources such as meats, chicken, fish, shellfish, milk and eggs.

*Vitamin C and phytoestrogen found in various fruits and vegetables, whole grains and beans (including soy) work together to prevent or delay dangerous plaque build-up in the arteries.

*Vitamin D and calcium go hand in hand because vitamin D is needed to help your body absorb calcium. In addition, the combination of the two nutrients increases bone mineral density and reduces fracture risk in postmenopausal women.

*A study published in the Journal of Nutrition showed that eating a broccoli-tomato combination significantly suppresses prostate tumor growth more than eating broccoli or lycopene-rich tomatoes alone.

*Pairing the catechins in grapes and the quercetin in apples may improve cardiovascular health by making blood platelets less sticky so they don’t clump together and clog arteries.

*Adding lemon to your green tea not only makes it taste good, it also helps your body absorb at least three times more of tea’s healthy catechins.

Relìv Makes Synergistic Nutrition Easy

Over two decades ago, Relìv introduced products developed on the principle of synergy — long before synergy became a buzzword in the nutrition world. Rather than focus on one or two specific vitamins, Relìv products are carefully balanced with a complex blend of nutrients that work together, synergistically, for optimal health. Two shakes a day of Relìv nutritional supplements combined with eating a variety of fresh, whole foods will ensure your body is receiving the nutrition it craves to function its best.

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Cheers to Your Optimal Health

Katrina van Oudheusden

katrina.reliv.com

July 27, 2010 Posted by | Food Allergies, Health, Health and Wellness, kids vitamins, Sports Nutrition | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

   

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